Travel

Travel

Malaria Map of South Africa

Avoiding mosquito bites

Precautions that can be taken when entering a malaria endemic area;

  • Mosquitoes which carry malaria generally bite between dusk and dawn. Close windows and doors and remain indoors during this time.
  • Use insect repellent on exposed skin. Lotions and spray options are available. Generally, apply before the sun sets, and reapply before climbing into bed.
  • Spray your accommodation with an aerosol insecticide, or use other approved indoor mosquito repellent methods (burning coils, mosquito mats, etc.).
  • Wear long-sleeved, light-coloured clothing, long trousers and socks.
  • Sleep under a bed-net or in a netted tent or use screens to prevent mosquitoes from flying in.

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Common Myths Regarding Malaria

  • “It is better not to take any prophylaxis, as it masks the symptoms and makes diagnosis difficult”

This is incorrect. Prophylactic drugs suppress parasite development, and therefore, even if not totally effective (due to partial drug resistance or non-compliance), symptoms tend to take longer to appear, may be less severe at first and development of complications is retarded. In the complete absence of drugs, parasites are able to multiply at phenomenal rates, and malaria can quickly get out of hand, and lead to severe complications and death.

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Yellow fever information sheet

  •  Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes.
  • Up to 50% of severely affected persons without treatment will die from yellow fever.
  • The virus is endemic in tropical areas of Africa and South America.
  • The number of yellow fever cases has increased over the past two decades due to declining population immunity to infection, deforestation, urbanization, population movements and climate change.
  • There is no cure for yellow fever. Treatment is symptomatic, aimed at reducing the symptoms for the comfort of the patient.
  • Vaccination is the most important preventive measure against yellow fever. The vaccine is safe, affordable and highly effective. The vaccine provides effective immunity within one week for 95% of persons vaccinated.
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Patient.co.uk

  • Patient information resource

Patient.co.uk is one of the most trusted medical resources in the UK, supplying evidence based information on a wide range of medical and health topics to patients and health professionals.

www.patient.co.uk

Yellow Fever vaccination requirements and Malaria risk for individual Countries

The information provided for each country includes the country’s stated requirements for yellow fever vaccination, WHO recommendation for travellers regarding yellow fever vaccinations, and details concerning the malaria situation and recommended prevention of the disease.

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